सफ़र महीने के अमाल -  मफ़ातीह अल-जिनान


रोज़ाना सफ़र महीने की दुआ

4 सफ़र - शहादत मासूम-ए-क़ुम

सफ़र के महीने के आखिरी बुध की दुआनया
7 सफ़र 128 AH -विलादत इमाम मूसा काज़िम (अ:स) 9 सफ़र - शहादत इमाम रज़ा (अ:स) 203 AH (कुछ रिवायत के मुताबिक)  किताबें | ज़िआरत  | साईट   2  सफ़र - जंगे सिफ्फिन 37 AH - शहादत अम्मार-ए-यासिर 27AH
28 सफ़र - शहादत पवित्र पैगंबर हज़रत मुहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) 11AH 28 सफ़र - शहादत इमाम हसन (अ:स) (कुछ रिवायत के मुताबिक 7 सफ़र)

***20 सफ़र- अर'ब-ईन ***

13 सफ़र - शहादत जनाबे सकीना (अ:स) / इमाम हुसैन (अ:स) की पुत्री

12 सफ़र - शहादत सलमाने फ़ारसी

10 सफ़र - जंगे नहरवान - हज़रत अली (अ:स) न

मफ़ातीह-उल-जिनान -  अध्याय ८

The month of ¯afar is well-known for bringing bad luck; and nothing can remove bad luck except almsgiving, supplication to Almighty Allah, and traditional supplications of seeking His protection against Satan and bad things.

Al-Mu¦addith al-Fay¤ and other scholars have mentioned that if you desire to be saved from the misfortunes and bad luck of the month of ¯afar, you may repeat the following supplicatory prayer ten times every day in this month:

يَا شَدِيدَ ٱلْقِوَىٰ

shad¢da alqiw¡

O Lord of mighty prowess!

وَيَا شَدِيدَ ٱلْمِحَالِ

wa y¡ shad¢da almi¦¡li

O Lord of mighty power!

يَا عَزِيزُ يَا عَزِيزُ يَا عَزِيزُ

`az¢zu y¡ `az¢zu y¡ `az¢zu

O Exalted in might! O Exalted in might! O Exalted in might!

ذَلَّتْ بِعَظَمَتِكَ جَمِيعُ خَلْقِكَ

dhallat bi`a¨amatika jam¢`u khalqika

Submissive to Your Almightiness are all of Your creatures;

فَاكْفِنِي شَرَّ خَلْقِكَ

fakfin¢ sharra khalqika

so, (please) save me from the evil of Your creatures.

يَا مُحْسِنُ يَا مُجْمِلُ

mu¦sinu y¡ mujmilu

O All-liberal! O All-bountiful!

يَا مُنْعِمُ يَا مُفْضِلُ

mun`imu y¡ muf¤ilu

O Source of all bounties! O Doer of favors!

يَا لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ انْتَ سُبْحَانَكَ

il¡ha ill¡ anta sub¦¡naka

O He save Whom there is no god! All glory be to You!

إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ ٱلظَّالِمِينَ

inn¢ kuntu min al¨¨¡lim¢na

Verily, I have been a wrongdoer.

فَٱسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَنَجّيْنَاهُ مِنَ ٱلْغَمِّ

fastajabn¡ lah£ wa najjayn¡hu min alghammi

So We heard his prayer and saved him from the anguish.

وَكَذلِكَ نُنْجِي ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

wa kadh¡lika nunj¢ almu'min¢na

Thus do We save the believers.

وَصَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ ٱلطَّيِّبِينَ ٱلطَّاهِرِينَ

wa ¥all¡ all¡hu `al¡ mu¦ammadin wa ¡lih¢ al§§ayyib¢na al§§¡hir¢na

May Allah send blessings to Mu¦ammad and his Household, the pure and immaculate.

As for Sayyid Ibn ±¡w£s, he has mentioned a supplicatory prayer that is said at the sight the new moon of ¯afar.

The First Day of ¯afar

On the first of ¯afar, AH 37, the battle of ¯iff¢n broke out. According to some narrations, on this day in AH 61, the head of Imam al-°usayn, the chief of martyrs, entered the city of Damascus, the capital of the Umayyad rulers, on spearheads after it had been carried to it from al-K£fah, Iraq. Therefore, the Umayyads betook that day as feast day. A poet says,

كَانَتْ مَآتِمُ بِالْعِرَاقِ، تَعُدُّهَا

While they were days of sadness in Iraq,

أَمَوِيَّةٌ بِالشَّامِ مِنْ أَعْيَادِهَا

The Umayyads betook them as feast days

In fact, on this day, the grievances of Imam al-°usayn’s adherents should be aroused.

According to some narrations, on the first, or the third, of ¯afar, Zayd ibn `Al¢ ibn al-°usayn was martyred.

The Third of ¯afar

Sayyid Ibn ±¡w£s writes down on the authority of the books of some Im¡miyyah scholars that it is recommended, on the third of ¯afar, to offer a two unit prayer at the first of which S£rah al-F¡ti¦ah and S£rah al-Fat¦ (No. 48) should be recited and at the second, S£rah al-F¡ti¦ah and S£rah al-Taw¦¢d should be recited. After accomplishment, invocation of blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household, invocation of curse upon the Umayyad, and imploration for forgiveness repeated one hundred times each. After all that, one may pray for granting his needs. The invocation of curse upon the Umayyads should be in the following form:

O Allah, curse the family of Ab£-Sufy¡n.

all¡humma il`an ¡la ab¢ sufy¡na

اَللَّهُمَّ ٱلْعَنْ آلَ ابِي سُفْيَانَ

The Seventh of ¯afar

According to the opinions of al-Shah¢d and al-Kaf`am¢, Imam al-°asan al-Mujtab¡ (`a) was martyred on the seventh of ¯afar, AH 50. As for the two Shaykhs, Imam al-°asan (`a) was martyred on the twenty-eighth of ¯afar.

On the seventh of ¯afar, AH 128, Imam M£s¡ ibn Ja`far al-K¡¨im (`a) was born at al-Abw¡’—a place between Makkah and al-Mad¢nah.


The twentieth of ¯afar; the Arba`¢n (fortieth Day)

In the word of the two Shaykhs, on the twenties of ¯afar, the harem of Imam al-°usayn (`a) arrived in al-Mad¢nah returning from Syria. On this day too, J¡bir ibn `Abdull¡h al-An¥¡r¢, the first to visit the tomb of Imam al-°usayn (`a), arrived there. It is recommended to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-°usayn (`a) on this day. Concerning this, Imam al-°asan al-`Askar¢ (`a) is reported to have said:

“The signs of a true believer are five: (1) offering a fifty-one units of daily obligatory and supererogatory prayers, (2) visiting the tomb of Imam al-°usayn on the twentieth of ¯afar (i.e. Ziy¡rat al-Arba`¢n), (3) putting a ring in the right hand, (4) covering one’s forehead with dust (i.e. prostrating oneself to Almighty Allah earnestly), and (5) repeating the Basmalah (Bismil-l¡hir-ra¦m¡nir-ra¦¢m: In the Name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful) audibly in certain prayers.

In Tahdh¢b al-A¦k¡m and al-Mi¥b¡¦, Shaykh al-±£s¢ has mentioned a form of Ziy¡rah that is dedicated to this day. Later in the book, this form will be cited.

The Twenty-Eighth of ¯afar

On the twenty-eight of ¯afar, AH 11, the Holy Prophet Mu¦ammad, the Seal of the Prophets, departed life. As is unanimously agreed, it was Monday. The Holy Prophet (¥) was sixty-three years old when he departed life. At the age of forty, he was commissioned, by Almighty Allah, to convey the Divine Mission; and Archangel Gabriel began conveying to him the commandments of Almighty Allah and the Divine Revelation. At Makkah, he invited people to follow the religion of monotheism for thirteen years. He then immigrated to al-Mad¢nah at the age of fifty-three. He departed life in the tenth year after his immigration (Hegira). Hence, Imam `Al¢ Am¢r al-Mu'min¢n (`a) did the funeral rituals and then offered the ritual Prayer of the Dead for his soul. The companions, in groups, then would come near him to offer prayers individually without having any im¡m to lead them in prayer. Imam `Al¢ (`a) buried him in the holy room where he—may Allah send peace and blessings upon him and his Household—departed life.

It has been narrated that Anas ibn M¡lik said, “As soon as we accomplished the ceremonies of burying the Holy Prophet (¥), Lady F¡§imah (`a) came to me and said, ‘How could you be bold enough to pile up soil on the face of the Messenger of Allah?’ She then wept and shouted, ‘Oh for my father whose prayers were responded by the Lord! Oh for my father; how nigh he is from his Lord!’…etc.”

According to a considerable narration, Lady F¡§imah al-Zahr¡' (`a) took a handful of the soil of the Holy Prophet’s tomb, put it between her eyes, and said,

مَاذَا عَلَىٰ الْمُشْتَمِّ تُرْبَةَ أَحْمَدٍ

Indeed! If one who smells the soil of A¦mad’s tomb

اَنْ لاَ يَشَمَّ مَدَىٰ الزَّمَانِ غَوَالِيَا

Shall never smell any perfume any more!

صُبَّتْ عَليَّ مَصَائِبٌ لَوْ اَنَّهَا

If the misfortunes that have been poured on me

صُبَّتْ عَلَىٰ الاَيَّامِ صِرْنَ لَيَالِيَا

Were poured on days, they should turn to black nights!

In his book of al-Durr al-Na¨¢m, Shaykh Y£suf al-Sh¡m¢ has mentioned that Lady F¡§imah al-Zahr¡' (`a) composed the following verses, elegizing her father (¥):

قُلْ لِلْمُغيَّبِ تَحْتَ أَثْوَابِ الثَّرَىٰ

Tell him who is concealed under the layers of soil:

إِنْ كُنْتَ تَسْمَعُ صَرْخَتِي وَنِدَائِيَا

If you can hear my scream and my call

صُبَّتْ عَلَيَّ مَصَائِبٌ لَوْ اَنَّهَا

If the misfortunes that have been poured on me

صُبَّتْ عَلَىٰ الاَيَّامِ صِرْنَ لَيَالِيَا

Were poured on days, they should turn to black nights!

قَدْ كُنْتُ ذَاتَ حِمىً بِظِلِّ مُحَمَّدٍ

Under the shadow of Mu¦ammad, I used to be sheltered

لاَ أَخْشَ مِنْ ضَيْمٍ وَكَانَ حِمَىٰ لِيَا

I did not anticipate any grievance since he was my haven

فَالْيَوْمَ اَخْضَعُ للِْذَّلِيلِ وَاَتَّقِي

But today I am made subservient to the lowly, suffering grievances,

ضَيْمِي وَاَدْفَعُ ظَالِمِي بِرِدَائِيَا

And I have to ward off the wrongdoer with my dress

فَإِذَا بَكَتْ قُمْرِيَّةٌ فِي لَيْلِهَا

If a turtledove weeps on a branch in eves

شَجَناً عَلَىٰ غُصْنٍ بَكَيْتُ صَبَاحِيَا

Out of grief, I will weep in morns

فَلاَجْعَلَنَّ الْحُزْنَ بَعْدَكَ مُؤْنِسِي

I shall betake grief, after you, as my entertainment

وَلاَجْعَلَنَّ الدَّمْعَ فِيكَ وِشَاحِيَا

And I shall betake shedding tears, for you, as my sash

The Last Day of ¯afar

According to the narration of al-±abirs¢ and Ibn al-Ath¢r, Imam `Al¢ ibn M£s¡ al-Ri¤¡ (`a) was martyred on the last day of ¯afar, AH 203, because of poison that was mixed with grapes and offered to him. He was fifty-five years old when he departed life. His tomb was at the house of °am¢d ibn Qa¦§abah in the village of San¡b¡d in the city of ±£s. In the same house, H¡r£n, the `Abb¡sid ruler, was buried, too.


(1) तासू'अ के मानी 9 हैं, लेकिन इसको 9 मुहर्रम से ख़ास क़रार दिया गया है.

(2) This is an indication of the famous story of Prophet Moses with al-Kha¤ir that is mentioned in the Holy Qur'¡n, S£rah al-Kahf No. 18, Verses 60-82.

(3) The author of Shif¡’ al-¯ud£r is Ayatollah M¢rz¡ Abu’l-Fa¤l al-±ahr¡n¢.

(4) All these are fabrications that were invented by the Umayyads and their fans in order to cover their crime of slaying Imam al-°usayn (`a) and in order to make people forget this astounding event.

(5) Na¥ib¢s (or Naw¡¥ib) are those who openly declare enmity towards the Ahl al-Bayt and their adherents. Addressing to the Sh¢`ah, Im¡m al-¯¡diq defines a N¡¥ib¢ as the one who shows enmity to the followers of the Holy Imams.

मफ़ातीह-उल-जिनान के अनुसार मुहर्रम महीने के अमाल के लिये क्लिक करें