ईमाम  अली इब्ने अबी तालिब (अ:स) क़ो जानें  (पवित्र पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) के चचेरे भाई और दामाद)

वो काबे में पैदा हुए (सबूत), 13 रजब 30 अम-अल-फ़ील (हाथियों का साल) और उनकी शहादत मस्जिदे कूफ़ा में ज़हर बुझी हुई तलवार के हमले से 21 रमज़ान 40 हिजरी में हुई! कूफ़ा के बाहर नजफ़ (ईराक़) में उनको दफ़न किया गया!

ईमाम अली (अ:स) के जीवन पर किताबें | निदाए अदालते इंसानी (वोआयेस आफ़ हयूमन जस्टीस) - जोर्ज जरदाख 

नहजुल बलाग़ा - एक अनोखी किताब - ईमाम अली (अ:स) के खुत्बों और खतों  पर आधारित  | नहजुल बलाग़ा - इंडेक्स

 

सहीफ़ा अलाविया - ईमाम अली (अ:स) की खुसुरत दुआओं का संग्रह 

ग़दीर - पवित्र पैग़म्बर (स:अ:अ:व:व) द्वारा उत्तराधिकारी की आधिकारिक नियुक्ति की घटना का विस्तार   

इस्लामी विश्वास के विभिन्न स्कूलों से परंपराओं का संग्रह - हज़रत अली इब्ने अबी तालिब (अ:स) की इमामत (संचालन ) और विलायत पर (राहनुमा) - 119 पेज की िताब

ईमाम अली (अ:स) और अहलेबैत - क़ुरान में   |   पैग़म्बर (स:अ:अ:व:व) की हदीस ईमाम अली (अ:स) पर  | ईमाम अली (अ:स) पर और अधिक जानकारी al-islam.org link

ईमाम अली (अ:स) के दो चमत्कारिक ख़ुत्बे - एक खुतबा जिसमे अरबी के उस शब्द का इस्तेमाल नहीं हुआ जिसमे नुक्ता (दोट्स) हो ( ي ث خ ت ن ظ ف خ ج) और दूसरा खुतबा जिसमे अरबी का पहला शब्द (अलिफ़) का इस्तेमाल नही किया गया

ईमाम अली (अ:स) की गणितीय प्रतिभा   |ईमाम अली (अ:स) के कुछ चुने हुए निर्णय क़ो डाउनलोड करें

ईमाम अली (अ:स) की हर जंग में  भूमिका   | ईमाम अली (अ:स) के नैतिक गुणों का उदाहरण |  ईमाम अली (अ:स) पर पश्चिमी विचारकों की टिपण्णी

ईमाम अली (अ:स) के परिवार के सदस्यों क़ो जानें:-

ज़्यारत -ईमाम अली (अ:स)   |      हज़रत ईमाम अली (अ:स) पर PPT डाउनलोड करें


जन्म

रजब महीने की 13 तारीख क़ो, पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) की हिजरत के 23 साल पहले, अबू तालिब (अ:स) के ख़ानदान में एक बच्चे का जन्म हुआ, जिसके तेज से सारा संसार चमक उठा! कुनाब मक्की ईस जन्म क़ो ऐसे ब्यान करते हैं, "मै और अब्बास (इब्ने अब्दुल मुत्तलिब) साथ बैठे थे, जब हमने अचानक फ़ातिमा बिन्ते असद (स:अ) क़ो काबे की तरफ़ जाते हुए देखा जो उस समय गर्भ की पीड़ा में थीं और यह कहती जा रहीं थीं, "ऐ माबूद! मुझे तुझपर विश्वास है, और तेरे नबी (हज़रत अब्राहम अ:स) पर यक़ीन है, जिन्होंने तेरे आदेश पर ईस घर (काबा) की नींव रखी, ऐ माबूद! तुझे उसी पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) की क़सम है, और तुझे मेरे गर्भ में पलने वाले बच्चे की क़सम है की मेरे प्रसव क़ो मेरे आसान और आरामदायक बना दे"

यह वो वक़्त था जब हम सभी ने अपनी आँखों से काबे की दीवार क़ो फटते हुए देखा जिसमें फ़ातिमा बिन्ते असद (स:अ) दाख़िल हो गयीं, इसके तुरंत बाद ही दीवार फिर पहले की तरह अपनी जगह पर बराबर हो गयी!    

हम सभी घबराए और कांपते हुए अपने घरों क़ो दौड़े ताकि अपने अपने घरों की औरतों काबा भेजना शुरू किया ताकि फ़ातिमा (स:अ) के बच्चे क़ो जन्म देने में  उनकी सहायता मिल सके! हम सभी ने बहुत कोशिश की के काबे का दरवाज़ा ख़ुल जाए लेकिन कोई कामयाबी नहीं मिली! ईस हादसे ने मक्का के सारे निवासियों क़ो हैरत में डाल दिया!

मक्के की औरतें उत्सुकतापूर्वक उस घड़ी का इंतज़ार करने लगीं जब फ़ातिमा बिन्ते असद (स:अ) काबे से बाहर आयें तो मिलें! जब फ़ातिमा (स:अ), एक खूबसूरत बच्चे के साथ काबे से बाहर आयीं और कहा, "अल्लाह ने मुझे मक्के की औरतों में से मुझे चुनकर अपना मेहमान बनाया, और मुझे जन्नत के फल और खाने दिए! मक्के की औरतें जो इनको  चारों ओर से घेरे हुए थीं और इनके साथ वापस जा रहीं थीं, इन्से पूछा, बच्चे का नाम क्या रखा?, उनहोंने जवाब दिया, "      जब मै काबे में थी, तो एक आवाज़ आयी के बच्चे का नाम "अली" रखो!"

 ईमाम अली (अ:स) के काबा में हुए चमत्कारी जन्म के सबूत     |      रुक्न यमनी की तस्वीरें

हाँ! हम इसी पवित्र इंसान, अली (अ:स) की बता कर रहे हैं, जिसका शिशुपण और बचपन इतना शुद्ध और पवित्र तरीक़े से बीता की उनहोंने नहजुल बलागा में खुद ही कह दिया की, "नबी मुझे अपनी गोदी में उठाते थे, गले लगाते थे, फिर खाना क़ो चबा कर मुलायम करते थे और तब मेरे मुंह में डालते थे"

आरंभिक युवावस्था :  

अली इब्ने अबी तालिब (अ:स) अपने ईस उमर के शिक्षाप्रद अवधि क़ो कुछ ईस तरह से दर्शाते हैं, " पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व),  हेरा (पहाड़ी का नाम) की गुफाओं में जाते थे और इसे मेरे और पैग़म्बर की अलावा कोई नहीं जानता था, ईस्लाम जब घरों में नहीं पहुंचा था तो वो और उनकी पत्नी ख़दीजा (स:अ) के अलावा कोई मुसलमान नहीं था, इनके अलावा सिर्फ़ मैंने रिसालत की रौशनी देखी, और नुबू'अत की ख़ुशबू पहचानी थी! जब नबी (स:अ:व:व) क़ो ख़ुदा की तरफ़ से यह हुकुम हुआ की अपने परिवार वालों क़ो ईस्लाम लाने की दावत दो तो नबी (स:अ:व:व) के कहने पर अली (अ:स) ने पाने घर पर 40 लोगों क़ो खाने पर बुलाया! जबकि खाना काफ़ी कम था, उन सरे लोगो ने पेट भर कर खाना खाया! जब सभी खाना ख़ा चुके तो पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) उन सारे लोगों क़ो मुखातिब करते हुए बोले, "ऐ अब्दुल मुत्तलिब के बेटों, अल्लाह ने मुझे हुकुम दिया है की मै तुम्हें ईस्लाम क़बूल करने की दावत दूँ और तुम्हें ईस्लाम से परिचित करा दूँ!" फिर कहा, "जो कोई मेरी रिसालत पर यक़ीन रखेगा, और मुझे मदद और सहायता करेगा, वो मेरा भाई, मेरा उत्तराधिकारी और मेरा ख़लीफ़ा होगा!" उन्हों (स:अ:व:व) ने तीन बार ईस बात क़ो दोहराया और तीनों बार अली (अ:स) के इलावा कोई आगे नहीं आया! पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) ने जितनी बार ईस बात क़ो कहा हर बार अली (अ:स) खड़े हुए और अपने यक़ीन और मदद क़ो पैग़म्बर के लिये दोहराया! 

जवानी :

यही वजह रही थी की पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) ने कहा, "यह अली, मेरा भाई है, मेरा उत्तराधिकारी है, और सुने वो जो कहते है, और उनका हुकुम मानो" जब ईमाम अली (अ:स) की उमर अपने आरंभिक यौवन (पुस्र्षता) की तरफ़ बढ़ी, उस वक़्त जब इंसान की सारी ऊर्जा और शक्ति मजबूत और दृढ़ होती है, अली (अ:स) उस समय भी एक परवाने की तरह मोहम्मद के साथ साथ रहे! उन्होंने पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) और ईस्लाम का बचाव अपनी मज़बूत बाजूओं से किया!    

हुनैन की जंग में जब दुश्मनों ने घेरा डाला और मुसलामानों क़ो चारों ओर से घेर लिया, और मुसलमान अपनी जान बचाने के लिये पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) क़ो अकेला छोड़ कर भाग गए, उस वक़्त भी अली (अ:स) और केवल अली (अ:स) ने अपनी जान की परवाह न करते हुए पैग़म्बर मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो बचाया और न सिर्फ़ दुश्मनों क़ो मार भगाया बल्कि  जंग भी जीत ली!

अली (अ:स) ने मरहब क़ो (जो यहूदी सेना का प्रमुख था) खैबर की जंग में मार दिया!  मरहब वो था जिसकी शक्ति और वीरता किसी क़ो भी कंपा देती थी! अली (अ:स) ने उसे दो टुकड़ों में काट दिया, और खैबर के क़िले का दरवाज़ा (जिसे 20 लोग मिलकर खोलते बंद करते थे), उसे उखाड़ कर ढाल की तरह इस्तेमाल किया! और इसे एक बाँध बना कर उस खाई पर ले गए जहां से इस्लामी से खैबर के क़िले में दाख़िल हो सके! ऐसी कई एक घटना अली (अ:स) के ईमान, यक़ीन, निष्ठा, आत्मा, साहस, आत्म बलिदान, और भक्ति के गवाह और प्रमाण हैं! 

आत्म बलिदान और भक्ति

इसमें कोई शक नहीं की हर व्यक्ति अपनी आत्मा क़ो प्यार करता है, और शायद ही कभी इसे किसी और व्यक्ति पर बलिदान करता है, लेकिन चूँकि अली (अ:स) अपनी आत्मा से ज़्यादा पैग़म्बर मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) की आत्मा से प्यार करते थेउन्होंने अपनी ज़िन्दगी क़ो पैग़म्बर पर बलिदान करने का निश्चय किया! यह घटना ईस प्रकार घटित हुई :

जब कई भगवान् क़ो मानने वालों ने यह देखा की उनकी ज़िंदगी ख़तरे में है, तो उन सभी ने एकजुट होकर एक निश्चय किया की पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) क़ो उनकी बेखबरी में ह्त्या कर दें! इसी कारण वो सभी "दर-उन-नदवा" पर जमा हुए, और मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो मारने के लिये हर परिवार से एक-एक सदस्य हर कबीले से शामिल किया गया, ताकि बाद में कोई किसी से बदला न ले सके!

मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो ईस साज़िश का पता अल्लाह की तरफ़ से लग़ गया! अल्लाह ने उन्हें (स:अ:व:व) हुकुम दिया की मक्का से रात के अँधेरे में निकल जाएँ! उस समय मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो एक ऐसे शख्स की ज़रुरत थी जो उनका हमराज़ और भरोसेमंद थाऔर जो उनके ऊपर अपनी कुर्बानी दे सकता था!    

उस वक़्त उनके पास अली (अ:स) के अलावा कोई न था जिनको वो अपना हमराज़ बना सकते थे और उन्होंने अली (अ:स) से कहा, "अल्लाह ने मुझ से कहा है की दुश्मन घरों क़ो तोड़ कर मुझे मारने के लिये अन्दर घुस आयेंगे, इसलिए तुम मेरे बिस्तर पर सो जाओ, ताकि मै रात के अँधेरे में निकल जाऊं" अली मुस्कुराए और ईस प्रस्ताव क़ो मान लिया! 

तब  वो वक़्त आया जब रात के अन्धकार ने सभी चीज़ क़ो ढांक लिया, और अली (अ:स) पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) की बिस्तर पर शांति से सोये रहे, और पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) रात के अन्धकार में अपने घर से निकल कर सौर (एक पहाड़ी) की गुफाओं की तरफ़ चले गए! दुश्मनों ने पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) के घर का मुहासिरा कर लिया, और अपनी तलवारें और भाले तैय्यार कर लिये ताकि मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो क़त्ल कर सकें! जैसे ही उन्हें हमले का संकेत मिला वो घर के अन्दर अपनी नंगी तलवारों समेत घुस पड़े और हमला करना ही चाहते थे की उन्होंने देखा बिस्तर पर अली (अ:स) सोये हैं! वो तुरंत ही घर से बाहर हताश और हैरान निकल आये, और कुछ घुड़सवारों क़ो मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) की खोज में रवाना किया! कुछ ही समय में वो घुड़सवार भी हारे और निराशा से भरे हुए वापस आ गए!

Ali (A.S.) and Holy War
Islam is the religion of peace and tranquility and does not like killing, plundering, and bloodshed. But if some one kills another without any reason then Islam has strong punishment to deal with him.
Of course, if an enemy attacks the Muslims then by the standards of wits, common sense, and religious law, self defense which as a form of Jehad becomes essential and indispensable.
All the battles of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) in which Ali (A.S.) fought armed and truthfully were defensive battles.
Ali (A.S.) was such a brave, faithful, holy warrior who never got frustrated and upset and tired of the fighting and battles. He was afraid of no one except God. He used to say "By God if I see that on one side is the truth and on the other side all the rest of the people I, without caring and paying heed to those reproaching me, will fight all alone with my sword, on the way and path of the right, against them.
Ali's (A.S.) way or Training
The city of Kufa was the capital of the Islamic Government. People from all over the World used to gather at that point to get the benefit of knowledge and learning from that great Islamic University.
One of those days two men came across each other in the vicinity of the city one of them was Ali (A.S.) and the other was a Christian who did not recognize him. The Christian man was moving towards the suburban area of Kufa, where as, Ali ( A.S.) was on his way to kufa.
They mutually agreed to accompany each other for a while, talking to each other, so that they do not get tired.
They reached a point where two ways split out, so that each one wanted to move on one of those two different roads. The Christian bade Farwell and went on his way but he observed that his Muslim companion, whose way was on the opposite side, was moving towards him. So he stopped and questioned him, "Don't you want to go to kufa?"
Ali (A.S.) said, "Yes". The Christian man said, "Then why are you coming towards this direction?"
Ali (A.S.) replied, "I wish to accompany you to a certain length of distance because the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said, "when two persons are together on a way (journey companions) they get a right over each other."
"Now that you have got a right upon me, I go along with you up to a certain distance so that I must pay you (discharge) that light of yours in this world. Then I will part off on my own way." The Christian man was much pleased and moved by this humanly attitude and conduct and he liked his talk and said, "It is befitting that I should also embrace Islam which has such a culture and students."
His amazement and astonishment was only too enhanced when he discovered that his travel companion is Ali (A.S.), the ruler of Islam. So he immediately accepted and embraced Islam at his hand.

Self-preservation of Ali ( A.S.)
When human being is in the normal and natural condition, he can better be the master of his wits and control himself and take distance and move away from the sins and bad acts and get himself aside from them. But when the flames of anger, rage or jealousy are lit, then it is only with difficulty that man could think and keep in view fact and God. Therefore, most of the crimes are committed at times when man looses his normal natural condition.
But, Ali (A.S.) who was a self made and sublime person his approach and behavior was different than that of the others. He, in all the conditions, kept his attention focused and concentrated on God and took distance from anything which did not have the approval of God, whether he was at home or in the battle field, both in joy or anger.
We would better have a glance upon his behavior and conduct in the battlefield to prove our point. In the battle of "the trench" all the people of Medinah dug up a great trench on the sides of the city and filled it up with water to block the enemy's way. Amer bin Abduwad, the famous and gallant Arab warrior among the enemy army, was challenged the Muslims to send him a match for the fight. Nobody among the Muslims plucked the courage to give him a response and came out to face him. On this occasion Ali (A.S.) came out taking stable and strong steps to face him with a heart full of faith. He said, "Oh Amro do not boast off too much about your bravery and man-hood. The one who has the power and energy to fight you is standing before you".
Amro viewed him and said: "You would better turn back I do not like to kill you because I was a friend of your father."
Ali (A.S.) replied: "By God, I like killing you."
Amro got angry and climbed down from the horse and quickly attacked Ali (A.S.) with his sword but the sword did strongly strike Ali's (A.S.) shield and so it was not effective. Then Ali (A.S.) by blowing a strike of his sword made him fall to the earth and climbed upon his chest to kill him. But Amro, out of his rage and anger spitted at Ali's ( A.S.) face. Suddenly Ali (A.S.) came down from his chest and started walking on the ground. Then he came again towards him. Amro enquired him, "what is the meaning of it that firstly you struck me an effective blow and then let me go free?"
Ali (A.S.) said, "Oh Amro I use my sword for God and not myself? At the time when I saw you fall to the ground and climbed your chest, you spit at my face and made me angry. Had I killed you in such condition I would had no reward to my credit because I was angry. Therefore, I got up from your chest and started walking so that my anger and hot temper is cooled down and subsided and I may do my job purely for God."
The bravery, ferocity, self-preservation and control of Ali had a very deep effect over the Arab champion. And attracted the attention and eyes of both the friends and foes to such an extent that the friends raised the slogan of Takbeer (Allaho Akbar) from the depth of their heart and the enemies hearts were filled up with tenor and harassment, so far so, that it ended upon the defeat of the enemy. This is the sole reason why his deed was decisive and fate making such as the Prophet said about it. "The job that Ali (A.S.) did on the day of the Khandak (battle of trench) and the sword strike by him (against the enemy) is more precious to God then the collective prayers of the mankind and jins together.

Ali's (A.S.) Mercy and Compassion
We learnt about the bravery and dauntlessness of Ali (A.S.) in the battlefield but we should not omit this point that if a man is brave, ferocious, and dauntless but he does not possess the qualities of mercy and generosity then that bravery and gallantry has no value. The bravery of Ali ( A.S.), when he stepped into the battlefield, was such that he did care and was attentive to the injured, thirsty and hungry ones. He would attack an aggressive enemy and kill him but when he came across an injured thirsty and hungry enemy he would save him from thirst and hunger and if he was injured then he would extend his treatment.
He did fiercely fight the enemy but never killed him while he was in a thirsty or hungry condition and he never destroyed and dismantled the houses of the enemy. Because he considered all these acts as against the norms of nobility and generosity. This is the reason, why having taken the river water from the control of the Muawiyah's forces in the sifeen battle he ordered his warriors to let the water free for all and sundry and do not resist against the army men of Muawiyah if they wanted to use the water.
The army men of Ali (A.S.) objected and said "the enemy having taken the water's control in their hand had stopped us from using it. So that they wanted us to submit to them through this way. We would better do the same to them."
Ali (A.S.) replied, "No we will fight the enemy manly and we consider this act against the human nobility and generosity. If we do the same what they did then what would be the difference between them and us? Beware, works are for God and we should not take steps against His wish and will."

Ali (A.S.) Conduct during his ruler ship

1. Siding with the masses
Ali (A.S.), with all the difficulties that he had to face, used to personally attend the affairs and works. He would get himself informed about the problems of the people. He did not drive away his enemies due to personal enmities. So far so that he used to give them their rights from the bait-ul-mal (Islamic treasury). Moreover, he did not give any privileges to his friends due to their friendship. He continuously used to order his officials and workers to have a conduct of justice with the people and if he observed any misdeed or misconduct of his subordinates and workers he did not spare them. So when one of the ladies known as Sooda approached him for justice, he was then offering his prayers. He shortened his prayer and smilingly greeted her and asked, "What is it that you want?"
With tears rolling on her face, Sooda complained about the tax officer and his excesses.
He, in the same standing condition of his prayers, wept and said: "Oh God be a witness that I have not ordered them to commit excesses and aggressions against your slaves."
He at once picked up a skin piece and jotted down the dismissal order of his official and gave it to Sooda to take it to him as soon as possible.
Another day he received the information that son of Hunaif (the Governor of Basra) made himself present on a very colorful, richly provisioned dinner table of one of the nobles and notables and possibly the blood thirsty and cruel chance seekers and opportunists may make the most of his political station and position.
He got seriously annoyed and reprimanded him for this act of his and wrote him a letter saying. "I have heard that you joined a richly provisioned (colorful) dinner table which the poor were not allowed to join. Be aware! That I am your Imam, leader and chief if I wish and am inclined to it I can lay hand and provide myself with the best food but I will not do such a thing because it is possible that there might be some hungry people in the nooks and corners of my country who go to sleep with empty stomachs. I have contented myself with a simple dress and small quantity of food, which is bread and dates, from this world of yours. Although you can not do this, which I practice but try it that your way and path is not segregated from that of mine."
He, through this letter, gave him a good advice and exhortation and reminded him about his duty. Imam Ali (A.S.) lived his life with such a justice and equity that when Muawiyah a staunch and extreme enemy of Ali ( A.S.) met one of his companions "Addi-bin-Hatim" and asked him, "How did you find Ali (A.S.) during his reign and rule?"
He replied, "The oppressive and coercive ones did not have the courage of oppression during his reign and the weak ones always took benefit from his justice and never allowed disappointment find its way towards them. So that he repeatedly used to say, "Is it right and just that people consider and think I am their leader and Imam but I do not share their difficulties and hardships?"
Still again, we read in the history that one day the governors accompanied by his old friend Ibn-e-Abbas came to see him.
They saw their leader repairing and mending his shoes. Ali (A.S.) turned his face towards them and said, "What do you think is the price of this shoe?" They replied, "It value is not much. It cann't be more than a few Dirhams."
He said, "By Lord this post that I have got, if I could not make use of it in connection with the salvation and safety of the poor, have not and arresting and stopping the cruelties or restoration of the right and truth, then for me it's value would be lesser than this shoe."

2. Canceling the distinctions and Privileges
The moment people took oath of an allegiance at his hand and accepted his caliphate he climbed the pulpit and tribune and addressed them, "By God till the time I possess even one single palm date tree in Medinah. I will not take anything from the bait-ul-mal (Islamic treasury).
His brother Aqeel stood up and said, "Do you take me equal to a black skinned living in Medinah?"
He said, "Oh brother sit down, you do not have any superiority over that black man except through faith and piety."
One summer night his brother Aqeel invited him to dinner at his house so that he may attract the attention of his brother towards himself and he increases his monthly stipend.
He said, "Oh brother from where did you procure and provide this dinner."
He replied "For a few days, I and my wife spent lesser amount of money thus saved the surplus money to invite you to dinner."
He said, "From tomorrow onwards I would issue an order that your monthly salary may be curtailed and decreased to the equal of the amount that you saved because, you can, as per your own confession, spend lesser than that."
Aqeel was very much perturbed and annoyed and he started shouting appealingly. Ali (A.S.) picked up a piece of iron lying near him heated it up (on a nearby lamp) and took it near his hand.
Aqeel cried, "Oh I am burnt."
Ali (A.S.) said, "What a surprise that you are so much afraid and cry of a fire which is provided by me alone. How are you prepared to get me burnt in the fire of God's anger? These are the money and property of the people and I am the trustee and custodian of them."
Again, we observe that a group of the officials objected up on him and said, "Had you given a larger contribution and portion to the rebellious and the governors, you could run and manage the newly established Islamic government in a better way. Then, you might have ruled with authority and justice.
Imam Ali (A.S.) replied, "What a surprise you want me to lay the foundations of my government, which is formed in the name of Islam, upon the pillars of excess and injustice? By God, I will definitely never do such a work."
Moreover, had the Muslim's money and property been my own property I would not have done this thing still less all of it belongs to the people and I am not more than a trustee.

3. Attending the Complaints
Ali (A.S.) during his ruler ship personally attented to the complaints. During the hot days of summer, when all the people rested at their homes, he sat by the shadow of a wall, so that if someone had a complaint he might reach him and tell him about it.
One of the hot scorching summer days, when he was perspiring sitting besides and leaning at the wall. A woman who was depressed and disturbed came and said, "My husband has committed excess and ousted me from the house in this hot weather. I wish you to attend to my problem."
Ali (A.S.) hung his head down and said, "Oh lady the weather is hot, and can you possibly wait till it becomes better. Then I will accompany you and attend to your matter. The woman said, "I am afraid that the temper and anger of my husband may shoot up even higher. It is better that you do the needful right away.
Ali (A.S.) said, "very well, you walk on and I follow you." Ali (A.S.), along with the lady, came to the door of the young man and called him out of the house. He did not recognize Ali (A.S.) and knew that his wife has called this man to her help.
Ali (A.S.) said, "This woman says you turned her out of the house. I have come to advise you that you should have the fear of God and be kind, nice and do good to your wife. The self-loving, egotist giving an insulting reply to Ali (A.S.) said, "This matter is not your concern. I would do whatever I please. Now, when she has brought you along with her I shall burn her with fire."
Ali (A.S.) was angry and annoyed at this response of the man and shouted objecting. Thereafter, he laid his hand on his sword to punish the youth. When people heard the loud voice of the Imam, they rushed out of their houses. As their eyes met Ali ( A.S.), they respectfully came close to him and saluted and greeted him. The rude and impolite youth knew that he was facing Ali (A.S.). So he got embarrassed, loosing his wits fell down to the ground and started making excuses and apologizes and said, "I will accept whatever you say and hereafter I shall respect my wife and not annoy her."
Ali (A.S.) said, "I hope you will do the same." Then he addressed the woman saying, "return to your home, I hope that you would also he a good wife to your husband."

The Ghadeer Affair

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) set out for the pilgrimage of God's house with a large Caravan in the 10th Hijra, so that the people may perform their Hajj rituals with great fervor, in dignified and magnificent way, because that was the last Hajj of the Prophet ( P.B.U.H.). The rituals were performed very well and the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) returned to Medinah along with his companions. On his way back, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was very anxious. His anxiety was about his followers and the ummah. He was uneasy and anxious about the events, which were to take place after his death. The actors and jugglers among the ummah, were waiting for his death and had preplanned to deviate and de-track the Imamate and leadership from its course. He sees all the hypocrites who disguised as his friends; beat their heads and chests for him. But they have not committed any blunder, folly and wrong yet, so that he may publicly disgrace and dishonor them and prevent them (from doing what they intend). He on one side, views all the incidents of the history and on the other, he must perform the mission that God has handed him in connection with Ali ( A.S.), that duty and mission is the caliphate of Ali (A.S.) that he must choose and select him as his successor and heir, and put an end to the ambitions of the chance seekers. Those who had nominated each one of themselves for the post of caliphate and had made propaganda among the people that the Prophet ( P.B.U.H.) will choose us as his heirs and successors.
The call of the angel of revelation is reflecting in the heart and soul of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) as if still he is listening to what he said, "you have a great mission ahead, if you did not perform this job then you have not done the Prophetic duty and mission at all." You must know, that God will save you from the deceitfulness and tricks of the enemy.
Yes, the successor of the sun of Prophet hood should be the sun of Willayat (guardianship), possessing all the perfections, completeness and values of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Who else could that be except Ali Ibne Abi Talib ( A.S.)? Ali (A.S.), who was many times introduced by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) with the words such as: "'Ali (A.S.) is the wisest of all my ummah (followers).' 'I am the city of knowledge and wisdom and Ali is (like) its gate.' 'Whosoever desires to have access to my wisdom should learn it from Ali.'" This is the very reason that only Ali ( A.S.) can go up the cathedra (tribune) and say amid the people. "Oh people, ask me whatsoever you desire, before a time comes that you loose me."
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) made up his mind and decided it to choose Ali ( A.S.) as his successor on the command and at behest of God, so that, he may complete and make the Islam perfect, as God had ordered him to do. The day of Ghadeer, became a day in the history when God gave the good news to the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and said, "Today is the day when I have made Islam to be a perfect (religion) and completed and finalized my blessings upon you (Muslims)." What a fruitful Hajj and a holy return. There were approximately one hundred and twenty thousand men accompanying the Prophet ( P.B.U.H.).
All of them reached a place known as "Ghadeer-e-Khum" on the land of "Juhfa". The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) ordered them to stop. All of them did stop at the behest of the Prophet (P.B.U.H .). They were saying to themselves, "It appears that some vitally important problem has confronted us." It was just the same that they were thinking of.
They built a tribune with the camel saddles for the Prophet ( P.B.U.H), heralds were appointed amid the gathering to repeat and call out the words of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), so that, all the people may hear. He (P.B.U.H) went atop the tribune while he was surrounded by his friends and said: "Oh people! I performed my Prophetic mission and did put in endeavor to the maximum of my energy that I possess. You should know that I leave two valuable (weighty) things among you after myself (after my death) so that these two will never at all get separated from each other.
1. The Holy Quran, the Book of God.
2. My Ahle Baith [People of the house, the Imam Ali (A.S.) Fatima (A.S.), Hassan (A.S.), Hussain (A.S.) and nine Imams from the descendents of Hussain (A.S.)].
Then, he took the hand of Ali (A.S.) and hoisted it like a flag, so that all of the people might see. Thereafter, he said, "I am the guardian (wali) of whosoever, (he should know that) Ali is also his guardian. Oh God! Be the friend of the friends of Ali and be the enemy of his enemies. Help those who help him and be the enemy of anyone who fights him. Yes, those who are present convey my words to those who are not present here. I hope they will lend ears and accept it."

Full details about Ghadir event with scanned book evidences click HERE 

How did Ali (A.S.) get the Government?
The opportunists, who had embraced Islam for the sake of seeking power and made themselves, move along on the path of Prophet (P.B.U.H.), held confidential and secret meetings to oust the caliphate from the family of Bani Hashim. They were counting days to achieve their ends and to put into practical shape what they had planned to do, because they were aware that they are face to face with a person whose past services for Islam are not hidden and are clear to everybody. The Prophet ( P.B.U.H.) had made a plenty of recommendations about him and particularly invited all to swear in an oath of allegiance for him. After the death of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), all the plans were put into practice and materialized one after the other. So that Ali ( A.S.) became all alone, and did not have any alternative except remaining silent. For, he only thought of Islam and did not pay any attention towards his post and station. And had he drawn the sword then the only desire of his enemies would have taken practical shape, that is to say, no sign of Islam would have been left back.
The silence of Ali (A.S.) and Fatima Zahra (A.S.) and the immoralities and irregularities of the previous power seekers, particularly the cruelties and excesses of the officials and agents of the Bani Ommayides dynasty, whose influence had gone up during the regime of third Caliph Usman, had made the people aware and all of them knew that the Islamic Caliphate had turned into the stage of political actors and stooges and what God and the Prophet ( P.B.U.H.) had meant was quite different from those things.
Resultantly the displeasure and dissatisfaction of people reached it's climax and the spark of revolution was kindled in the hearts of the people, which erupted like a volcano, so that, no one had the means and power to resist and stand up to it. People attacked the house of Usman in the shape of a flood, showing camel like anger and grudge, a camel who throws foam out of its mouth due to anger. These out numbered and countless people, who made the attack, killed him.
People were so enraged and furious that they even did not pay any attention and notice to Imam Hasan ( A.S.) and Imam Hussain (A.S.) who were sent by Imam Ali (A.S.) to prevent Usman from being slain. Imam Hassan (A.S.) was injured in this disturbance.
People rushed towards Ali's (A.S.) house with blood dripping out of their swords and they were burning with fever and fervor of excitement and commotion. They insistently and requesting dragged him out and took the oath of allegiance and chose him as their leader and ruler.

Why Ali's (A.S.) Government faced defeat?
Although Ali (A.S.) had told the people, while they were taking the oath of allegiance, that, "I will act upon the right and will not sell my religion for anybody's world (wishing to gain material), and will not hand over the power to this person or that person without seeing reason. I will take into consideration their past activities and if I observe any violation and breach of law by my officials I will not spare them, I will dismiss them immediately. I will act decisively and peremptorinessly and will not have any fear of any reproaching and blaming. I will not give Baith-ul-mal's wealth to this and that person without reason though he may be my son.
But alas, the materialist and ease and comfort seekers did not welcome the right government of Ali (A.S.). They abandoned and quit Ali (A.S.) at the initial stage and created chaos, disorder and mutiny for him. Talha and Zubair, who were experienced men, went to Mecca and provoked Ayesha ( R.A.) to rise up for the sake of taking vengeance of Usman's blood. They by taking benefit of the station of Ayesha (R.A.), who was the wife of Prophet, gathered a large group around her. And, with a big army, they moved hastily towards Ali (A.S.). They had told the illiterate people that Ali (A.S.) was the murderer of Usman. As a result, they shed the blood of a group of Muslims and shifted its responsibility towards Ali (A.S .). After this incident Muawiyah, that cunning fox, who was discharged by Ali (A.S.) perceived a very good chance for his obstinacy and resistance. He rose against Ali (A.S.) from Syria and declared war against him.
These battles were continuing, when a group named Khwarij came into existence among the army men of Ali (A.S.). This was a group, which considered neither of Ali (A.S.), nor Muawiyah, and Amro Aas suitable for ruler ship. They, under the slogan of "Rule is only for God," started a mutiny and adventure.
Finally, they martyred Ali (A.S.) but they did not succeed in killing Muawiyah and Amro Aas. This is how Ali's (A.S.) Government was defeated and sacrificed upon its own Justice (righteousness) meaning thereby, if Ali (A.S.) had ruled cunningly treacherously like Muawiyah he would had never been killed.

Martyrdom of Ali (A.S.)
After the battle of Neherwan was over, group of Khwarij daily held a meeting in Mecca and wept over their dead, those killed in Neherwan. One day, they told each other, "Sitting here and weeping is of no use. We should kill these three persons Ali ( A.S.), Muawiyah and Amro Aas, who destroyed the Islamic State and killed our brothers."
They invited three volunteers to perform these errands. Ibn-e-Muljim stood and said, "I will kill Ali (A.S.)." Hajjaj bin Abdullah, under took killing Muawiyah and Amro bin Bakr Taimeemi said, "I will kill Amro Aas." The three of them made a commitment together that they would materialize their plan on the 19th of Ramadan. Then, each one of them moved towards the place of his mission, so that they reach there and wait for the date, which was fixed.
But alas, the other two did not succeed in achieving there end, whereas, Ibn-e-Muljim did succeed. Ibn-e-Muljim came to Kufa and contacted the enemies of Ali (A.S.) and lived in their house till the 19th of Ramadan approached. One day Ali (A.S.) came across him in the streets of Kufa. He wanted to hide himself. But Ali ( A.S.) said, "I know for what purpose you have come to Kufa."
As soon as Ibn-e-Muljim heard these words, he trembled and his legs could no more carry him. He said to Ali (A.S.), "Oh Ali (A.S.) when it is so (that you know) release the orders of my being killed or put me in the prison or banish me off. Ali ( A.S.) had a look upon him and said, "Although I can put into practice each one of your suggestions, but Islam does not deem pre-crime punishment, fair. So I am obliged to let you go free. Perhaps you may repent upon your decision.
At last, on the 19th of Ramadan of the 40th Hijra the son of Muradi opened apart Ali's (A.S.) head and the mountain of faith and piety tumbled and crumbled down making the world of Islam mournful.
After Ali (A.S.) cried on the prayer place (when injured), "By the God of Kaabah I have succeeded." The haven's angel Jabriel shouted, "By God, the pillars of guidance are demolished. Ali ( A.S.) has been martyred."
People rushed out of their houses and arrested the killer of Ali (A.S.) and handed him over to Imam Hassan (A.S.), and carried Ali (A.S.) with a blood stained face to his house.
Imam Hassan (A.S.) imprisoned the killer and informed his father about it.
Imam Ali (A.S.) told his son, "Oh Son! This man who is my killer and he is your prisoner, look after his food and water and do not molest him. If I survive I know what to do with him and if I die then do not strike him but one blow."
Alas, Ali (A.S.) did not survive for this ummah. He passed away on the 21st of Ramadan at the age of 63 years. His pure body was burried secretly at Najaf (Iraq) - (Last Will /Martyrdom pdf )

Hazrat Imam Ali Ibn e Abi Talib a.s according to Hadith's of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad s.a.w .


The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the door of servitude, and whoever passes through that door is a true believer." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/156; Al-Dilmi.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the Imam of goodness, the fighter against iniquity, the helper of those who come to his aid, and the deserter of those who desert him." Kenz Al-Omal, 6/153; Al-Darqatani.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the Imam of the pious, the prince of believers, and the leader of the resplendent." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/129; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/153.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is to me what Haroun was to Musa." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/137; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 65, 104; Al-Tabarani; HAliyat Al-Awliya', 1/63; Akhtab Khawarizm, 229.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) holds a right over this nation like the right of a father over his son." Muslim, 2/361; Al-Tirmidhi, 2/299; Al-Hakim, 3/130; Musnad Ahmad, 3/198; Al-Nisa'i, 7; Asad Al-Ghaba, 3/40.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is with the Qur'an, and the Qur'an is with Ali." Al-Bukhari, 5/19; Muslim, 2/360; Al-Tirmidhi, 5/304; Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/109; Ibn Majah, 1/28; Musnad Ahmad, 3/328.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) and his shi^a are the successful ones." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 47; Mizan Al-^Itidal, 2/313.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the door of my knowledge, and the one who will clarifies for my nation that which I was sent with." Tafsir Al-Tabari, 3/171; Shawahid Al-Tanzil, 2/356; Al-Darr Al-Manthour, 6/379; Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 61.
The Prophet (s) said, "Love for Ali (a) is faith, and hatred for Ali is hypocrisy." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 67; Al-Khawarizmi, 236; Fara'id Al-Samateen; Yanabi^ Al-Mawda.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the partition between Heaven and Hell." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/127; Kenz Al-Omal, 5/30; Al-Jami^ of Al-Suyuti, 1/374; Al-Tirmidhi; Ibn Maghazeli, 80.
The Prophet (s) said, "The position of Ali (a) amongst the people is like Surat Qul Hu Allahu Ahad in the Qur'an." Muslim, 1/48; Al-Tirmidhi, 2/299; Al-Nisa'i, 27; Musnad Ahmad, 6/299; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 191.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the beloved between two friends, myself and Ibrahim." Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 88; Fara'id Al-Samateen; Bea^ Al-Abrar; Moniq Ibn Ahmad Al-Khawarizmi.
The Prophet (s) said, "Whoever splits with Ali (a) has split with me, and whoever splits with me has split with God." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 45; Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 181.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is from me and I am from him, and he is the protector of every true believer after me." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 69; Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 125.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the most beloved of God and His Prophet in all of creation." Kenz Al-Omal, 5/33; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/211; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 219.
The Prophet (s) said, "Mentioning Ali (a) is a form of worship, and looking upon him is a form of worship." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/123; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/156; Al-Tabarani; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 240, 278; Al-Khawarizmi, 62.
The Prophet (s) said, "Love for Ali (a) is a good deed, so don't ruin it with bad deeds." Al-Tabarani; Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 2/3.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) holds the position of the Ka^aba." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/122; Musnad Ahmad, 3/82; Al-Tabarani, 6/155; Kenz Al-Omal.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) stands in relation to me as my head to my body." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/141; Al-Jami^ of Al-Suyuti, 1/583; Tarikh Baghdad of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi, 1/51; HAliyat Al-Awliya', 1/182; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/219.
The Prophet (s) said, "Oh, Ali, Jibreel has informed me that God has married you to Fatima." Manaqib Al-Imam Ali from Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, p. 141.
The Prophet (s) said, "Oh, Ali, God has commanded me to marry you to Fatima."Al-Sawaiq Al-Muhariqa,. ch. 4, p. 142; Dakha'ir Al-Uqubi, p. 30 & 31; Tadhkirat Al-Khawas, p. 276; Manaqib Al-Imam Ali from Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, p. 141; Nur Al-Absar, p. 53.
The Prophet (s) said, "Verily, God married Ali to Fatima."Al-Sawaiq Al-Muhariqa, p. 173.
The Prophet (s) said, "The first people to enter Paradise will be Ali and Fatima."Nur Al-Absar, p. 52; related by similar wording in Kenz Al-Omal, v. 13, p. 95.
The Prophet (s) said, "The verse of purification was revealed concerning five people: myself, Ali, Hassan, Hussein, and Fatima."Is^af Al-Raghibeen, p. 116; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fadha'il Al-Sahaba.
The Prophet (s) said, "Fatima is more beloved to me than you, oh Ali, and you are dearer to me than her."Majma^ Al-Zawa'id, v. 9, p. 202; Al-Jami^ Al-Sagheer, v. 2, p. 654, n. 5761; Muntakhab Kenz Al-Omal, v. 5, 97; Asad Al-Ghaba, v. 5, p. 522; Yanabi^ Al-Mawadda, v. 2, ch. 56, p. 79; Al-Sawaiq Al-Muhariqa, ch. 3, p. 191

 

Imam Ali's Mathematical Brilliance sample

Dividing Inheritance

Imam Ali (AS) was endowed with a quick, sharp, incisive, mathematical mind. Here are a few interesting stories in which Imam Ali's mathematical brilliance revealed itself.

What is a wife's share?

Imam Ali (AS) was once interrupted while he was delivering a sermon from the pulpit by someone who asked him how to distribute the inheritance of someone who had died leaving a wife, his parents and two daughters. The Imam instantly answered:

"The wife's share becomes one ninth."

How?

This answer is in fact the result of a long analysis with a number of steps. Ordinarily, we have to decide on the original share of each of these heirs, in the following way:

The wife takes one eighth, in view of the presence of an inheriting child. [Holy Quran 4:12]

The deceased's father and mother take one sixth each. [Holy Quran 4:11]

The two daughters take two thirds of the inheritance. [Holy Quran 4:11]

So the total will be:
1/8 + 1/6 + 1/6 + 2/3 = 3/24 + 4/24 + 4/24 + 16/24 = 27/24

This means the share becomes less than 1/8 in view of the increase of the total of the shares which are so fixed and prescribed. So the one eighth, the original share due to the wife out of twenty-four total shares, has become three shares out of a total of twenty-seven, which is one ninth.

Imam Ali's mind went through this complex mathematical process in a second!

 

Whole Number and not a Fraction

One Day a Jewish person came to Imam Ali (AS), thinking that since Imam Ali thinks he is too smart, I'll ask him such a tough question that he won't be able to answer it and I'll have the chance to embarrass him in front of all the Arabs.

He asked "Imam Ali, tell me a number, that if we divide it by any number from 1-10 the answer will always come in the form of a whole number and not as a fraction."

Imam Ali (AS) looked back at him and said, "Take the number of days in a year and multiply it with the number of days in a week and you will have your answer."

The Jewish person got astonished but as he was a polytheist (Mushrik), he still didn't believe Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (AS) He calculated the answer Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (AS) gave him.

To his amazement he came across the following results:

The number of Days in a Year = 360 (in Arab)

The Number of Days in a Week = 7

The product of the two numbers = 2520

Now...

2520 1 = 2520
2520 2 = 1260
2520 3 = 840
2520 4 = 630
2520 5 = 504
2520 6 = 420
2520 7 = 360
2520 8 = 315
2520 9 = 280
2520 10= 252

 

 

Dividing 17 Camels

A person was about to die, and before dying he wrote his Will which went as follows:

"I have 17 Camels, and I have three sons. Divide my Camels in such a way that my eldest son gets half of them, the second one gets 1/3rd of the total and my youngest son gets 1/9th of the total number of Camels."

After his death when the relatives read his will they got extremely perplexed and said to each other that how can we divide 17 camels like this.

So after a long hard thought they decided that there was only one man in Arabia who could help them: "Imam Ali (AS)."

So they all came to the door of Imam Ali (AS) and put forward their problem.

Imam Ali (AS) said, "Ok, I will divide the camels as per the man's will."

Imam Ali (AS) said, "I will lend one of my camels to the total which makes it 18 (17+1=18), now lets divide as per his will."

The eldest son gets 1/2 of 18 = 9
The second one gets 1/3 of 18 = 6
The youngest gets 1/9 of 18 = 2
Now the total number of camels = 17 (9+6+2=17)

Then Imam Ali (AS) said, "Now I will take my Camel back."

 

 The Five Loaves of Bread

Zarr Bin Hobeish relates this story: Two travelers sat together on the way to their destination to have a meal. One had five loaves of bread. The other had three. A third traveler was passing by and at the request of the two joined in the meal.

The travelers cut each of the loaf of bread in three equal parts. Each of the travelers ate eight broken pieces of the loaf.

At the time of leaving the third traveler took out eight dirhams and gave to the first two men who had offered him the meal, and went away. On receiving the money the two travelers started quarrelling as to who should have how much of the money.

The five-loaf-man demanded five dirhams. The three-loaf-man insisted on dividing the money in two equal parts.

The dispute was brought to Imam Ali (AS) (the Caliph of the time in Arabia) to be decided.

Imam Ali (AS) requested the three-loaf-man to accept three dirhams, because five-loaf-man has been more than fair to you. The three-loaf-man refused and said that he would take only four dirhams.

At this Imam Ali (AS) replied, "You can have only one dirham." You had eight loaves between yourselves. Each loaf was broken in three parts. Therefore, you had 24 equal parts. Your three loaves made nine parts out of which you have eaten eight portions, leaving just one to the third traveler. Your friend had five loaves which divided into three made fifteen pieces.

He ate eight pieces and gave seven pieces to the guest. As such the guest shared one part from your loaves and seven from those of your friend. So you should get one dirham and your friend should receive seven dirhams.

 

 Imam Ali's Answering Difficult Questions

One day another Jewish person came to Imam Ali (AS). He was planning to ask Imam Ali (AS) such a question, which would take Imam Ali (AS) a long time to answer and because of that his Maghrib Prayers would be delayed.

He asked, "Imam Ali you say you know everything in the world, then tell me which animals lay eggs and which animals give birth to their young ones."

Imam Ali (AS) looked back at him smiled and said, "The animals who have their 'EARS' outside their body give birth to their young ones and the animals who have their 'EARS' inside their body lay eggs."