इब्ने अबी तालिब (अ:स) क़ो जानें
(पवित्र पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) के चचेरे भाई और दामाद)
वो काबे में पैदा हुए (सबूत),
13 रजब 30 अम-अल-फ़ील (हाथियों का साल) और उनकी शहादत मस्जिदे कूफ़ा
में ज़हर बुझी हुई तलवार के हमले से 21 रमज़ान 40 हिजरी में हुई! कूफ़ा के
बाहर नजफ़ (ईराक़) में उनको दफ़न किया गया!
ईमाम अली (अ:स) के जीवन पर किताबें |
निदाए अदालते इंसानी (वोआयेस आफ़
हयूमन जस्टीस) - जोर्ज जरदाख
नहजुल बलाग़ा -
एक अनोखी किताब - ईमाम अली
(अ:स) के खुत्बों और खतों पर आधारित
नहजुल बलाग़ा - इंडेक्स
- ईमाम अली (अ:स) की खुसुरत दुआओं
रजब महीने की 13 तारीख क़ो, पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व)
की हिजरत के 23 साल पहले, अबू तालिब (अ:स) के ख़ानदान में एक बच्चे
का जन्म हुआ, जिसके तेज से सारा संसार चमक उठा! कुनाब मक्की ईस
जन्म क़ो ऐसे ब्यान करते हैं, "मै और
अब्बास (इब्ने अब्दुल मुत्तलिब) साथ बैठे थे, जब हमने अचानक फ़ातिमा
बिन्ते असद (स:अ) क़ो काबे की तरफ़ जाते हुए देखा जो उस समय गर्भ की
पीड़ा में थीं और यह कहती जा रहीं थीं, "ऐ माबूद! मुझे तुझपर विश्वास
है, और तेरे नबी (हज़रत अब्राहम अ:स) पर यक़ीन है, जिन्होंने तेरे
आदेश पर ईस घर (काबा) की नींव रखी, ऐ माबूद! तुझे उसी पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व)
की क़सम है, और तुझे मेरे गर्भ में पलने वाले बच्चे की क़सम है की
प्रसव क़ो मेरे आसान और आरामदायक बना दे"
यह वो वक़्त था जब हम सभी ने अपनी आँखों से काबे
की दीवार क़ो फटते हुए देखा जिसमें फ़ातिमा बिन्ते असद (स:अ)
दाख़िल हो गयीं, इसके तुरंत बाद ही दीवार फिर पहले की तरह अपनी जगह
पर बराबर हो गयी!
हम सभी घबराए और कांपते हुए अपने घरों क़ो दौड़े ताकि अपने
अपने घरों की औरतों काबा भेजना शुरू किया ताकि फ़ातिमा (स:अ) के
बच्चे क़ो जन्म देने में उनकी सहायता मिल सके! हम सभी ने बहुत
कोशिश की के काबे का दरवाज़ा ख़ुल जाए लेकिन कोई कामयाबी नहीं मिली!
ईस हादसे ने मक्का के सारे निवासियों क़ो हैरत में डाल दिया!
मक्के की औरतें
उत्सुकतापूर्वक उस घड़ी का इंतज़ार करने लगीं जब फ़ातिमा बिन्ते
असद (स:अ) काबे से बाहर आयें तो मिलें! जब फ़ातिमा (स:अ), एक
खूबसूरत बच्चे के साथ काबे से बाहर आयीं और कहा, "अल्लाह ने मुझे
मक्के की औरतों में से मुझे चुनकर अपना मेहमान बनाया, और मुझे
जन्नत के फल और खाने दिए! मक्के की औरतें जो इनको चारों ओर से घेरे
हुए थीं और इनके साथ वापस जा रहीं थीं, इन्से पूछा, बच्चे का नाम
क्या रखा?, उनहोंने जवाब दिया, " जब मै काबे में थी, तो एक
आवाज़ आयी के बच्चे का नाम "अली" रखो!"
ईमाम अली (अ:स)
के काबा में हुए
जन्म के सबूत |
रुक्न यमनी की तस्वीरें
हाँ! हम इसी पवित्र इंसान, अली (अ:स) की बता कर रहे हैं, जिसका
शिशुपण और बचपन इतना शुद्ध
पवित्र तरीक़े से बीता की उनहोंने नहजुल बलागा में खुद ही
कह दिया की, "नबी मुझे अपनी गोदी में उठाते थे, गले लगाते थे, फिर
खाना क़ो चबा कर मुलायम करते थे और तब मेरे मुंह में डालते थे"
आरंभिक युवावस्था :
अली इब्ने अबी तालिब (अ:स) अपने ईस उमर के
अवधि क़ो कुछ ईस तरह से दर्शाते हैं, " पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व), हेरा
(पहाड़ी का नाम) की गुफाओं में जाते थे और इसे मेरे और पैग़म्बर
की अलावा कोई नहीं जानता था, ईस्लाम जब घरों में नहीं पहुंचा
था तो वो और उनकी पत्नी ख़दीजा (स:अ) के अलावा कोई मुसलमान नहीं
था, इनके अलावा सिर्फ़ मैंने रिसालत की रौशनी देखी, और नुबू'अत की
ख़ुशबू पहचानी थी! जब नबी (स:अ:व:व) क़ो ख़ुदा की तरफ़ से यह
हुकुम हुआ की अपने परिवार वालों क़ो ईस्लाम लाने की दावत दो तो
नबी (स:अ:व:व) के कहने पर अली (अ:स) ने पाने घर पर 40 लोगों क़ो
खाने पर बुलाया! जबकि खाना काफ़ी कम था, उन सरे लोगो ने पेट भर
कर खाना खाया! जब सभी खाना ख़ा चुके तो पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) उन
सारे लोगों क़ो मुखातिब करते हुए बोले, "ऐ अब्दुल मुत्तलिब के
बेटों, अल्लाह ने मुझे हुकुम दिया है की मै तुम्हें ईस्लाम
क़बूल करने की दावत दूँ और तुम्हें ईस्लाम से परिचित करा दूँ!" फिर
कहा, "जो कोई मेरी रिसालत पर यक़ीन रखेगा, और मुझे मदद और
सहायता करेगा, वो मेरा भाई, मेरा
उत्तराधिकारी और मेरा ख़लीफ़ा होगा!" उन्हों (स:अ:व:व) ने तीन
बार ईस बात क़ो दोहराया और तीनों बार अली (अ:स) के इलावा कोई
आगे नहीं आया! पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) ने जितनी बार ईस बात क़ो कहा
हर बार अली (अ:स) खड़े हुए और अपने यक़ीन और मदद क़ो पैग़म्बर
के लिये दोहराया!
यही वजह रही थी की पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व)
ने कहा, "यह अली, मेरा भाई है, मेरा उत्तराधिकारी है, और
सुने वो जो कहते है, और उनका हुकुम मानो" जब ईमाम अली (अ:स)
की उमर अपने आरंभिक यौवन (पुस्र्षता) की तरफ़ बढ़ी, उस वक़्त
जब इंसान की सारी ऊर्जा
दृढ़ होती है, अली (अ:स) उस समय भी एक परवाने की तरह
मोहम्मद के साथ साथ रहे! उन्होंने पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) और
ईस्लाम का बचाव अपनी मज़बूत बाजूओं से किया!
हुनैन की जंग में जब दुश्मनों ने घेरा डाला और मुसलामानों
क़ो चारों ओर से घेर लिया, और मुसलमान अपनी जान बचाने के
लिये पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) क़ो अकेला छोड़ कर भाग गए, उस
वक़्त भी अली (अ:स) और केवल अली (अ:स) ने अपनी जान की
परवाह न करते हुए पैग़म्बर मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो बचाया और
न सिर्फ़ दुश्मनों क़ो मार भगाया बल्कि जंग भी जीत ली!
अली (अ:स) ने मरहब क़ो (जो यहूदी सेना का प्रमुख था) खैबर
की जंग में मार दिया! मरहब वो था जिसकी
वीरता किसी क़ो भी कंपा देती थी! अली (अ:स) ने उसे दो टुकड़ों
में काट दिया, और खैबर के क़िले का दरवाज़ा (जिसे 20 लोग मिलकर खोलते बंद करते
थे), उसे उखाड़ कर ढाल की तरह इस्तेमाल किया! और इसे एक
बाँध बना कर उस खाई पर ले गए जहां से इस्लामी से खैबर के
क़िले में दाख़िल हो सके! ऐसी कई एक घटना अली (अ:स) के
ईमान, यक़ीन, निष्ठा, आत्मा, साहस,
बलिदान, और भक्ति के गवाह और प्रमाण हैं!
इसमें कोई शक नहीं की हर व्यक्ति अपनी आत्मा क़ो प्यार
और शायद ही कभी इसे किसी और व्यक्ति पर बलिदान करता है,
लेकिन चूँकि अली
अपनी आत्मा से ज़्यादा पैग़म्बर मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) की आत्मा से प्यार
अपनी ज़िन्दगी क़ो
पैग़म्बर पर बलिदान करने का निश्चय किया! यह घटना
ईस प्रकार घटित हुई :
कई भगवान् क़ो मानने वालों ने यह देखा की उनकी ज़िंदगी ख़तरे में है,
तो उन सभी ने
एकजुट होकर एक
निश्चय किया की पैग़म्बर (स:अ:व:व) क़ो उनकी बेखबरी में ह्त्या कर
कारण वो सभी "दर-उन-नदवा" पर
और मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो मारने के
लिये हर परिवार से
एक-एक सदस्य हर कबीले से
शामिल किया गया,
ताकि बाद में कोई किसी
से बदला न ले
क़ो ईस साज़िश का पता अल्लाह की तरफ़ से
लग़ गया! अल्लाह ने उन्हें (स:अ:व:व) हुकुम दिया की मक्का से रात के
उस समय मोहम्मद (स:अ:व:व) क़ो एक ऐसे शख्स की
ज़रुरत थी जो
उनका हमराज़ और
भरोसेमंद था, और
जो उनके ऊपर अपनी कुर्बानी दे
वक़्त उनके पास अली (अ:स) के अलावा कोई न था जिनको वो अपना हमराज़ बना
सकते थे और
उन्होंने अली (अ:स) से कहा,
ने मुझ से कहा है की दुश्मन घरों क़ो तोड़ कर
मुझे मारने के लिये अन्दर घुस आयेंगे,
मेरे बिस्तर पर सो जाओ,
रात के अँधेरे में निकल जाऊं" अली मुस्कुराए और
ईस प्रस्ताव क़ो मान
वो वक़्त आया जब रात के अन्धकार ने सभी चीज़ क़ो ढांक लिया,
और अली (अ:स)
की बिस्तर पर
रात के अन्धकार में अपने घर से निकल कर सौर (एक
पहाड़ी) की गुफाओं की तरफ़ चले गए! दुश्मनों ने पैग़म्बर
घर का मुहासिरा कर
और अपनी तलवारें और
तैय्यार कर लिये ताकि मोहम्मद
क़ो क़त्ल कर
सकें! जैसे ही
का संकेत मिला वो
घर के अन्दर अपनी
नंगी तलवारों समेत
घुस पड़े और
हमला करना ही
की उन्होंने देखा बिस्तर पर अली (अ:स) सोये हैं!
वो तुरंत ही
घर से बाहर
और कुछ घुड़सवारों क़ो
खोज में रवाना किया! कुछ ही समय में वो घुड़सवार भी हारे और
भरे हुए वापस आ गए!
Ali (A.S.) and Holy War
Islam is the religion of peace and tranquility and does not like killing,
plundering, and bloodshed. But if some one kills another without any reason
then Islam has strong punishment to deal with him.
Of course, if an enemy attacks the Muslims then by the standards of wits,
common sense, and religious law, self defense which as a form of Jehad becomes
essential and indispensable.
All the battles of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) in which Ali (A.S.) fought armed and
truthfully were defensive battles.
Ali (A.S.) was such a brave, faithful, holy warrior who never got frustrated
and upset and tired of the fighting and battles. He was afraid of no one
except God. He used to say "By God if I see that on one side is the truth
and on the other side all the rest of the people I, without caring and paying
heed to those reproaching me, will fight all alone with my sword, on the way
and path of the right, against them.
Ali's (A.S.) way or Training
The city of Kufa was the capital of the Islamic Government. People from all
over the World used to gather at that point to get the benefit of knowledge
and learning from that great Islamic University.
One of those days two men came across each other in the vicinity of the city
one of them was Ali (A.S.) and the other was a Christian who did not recognize
him. The Christian man was moving towards the suburban area of Kufa, where as,
Ali ( A.S.) was on his way to kufa.
They mutually agreed to accompany each other for a while, talking to each
other, so that they do not get tired.
They reached a point where two ways split out, so that each one wanted to move
on one of those two different roads. The Christian bade Farwell and went on
his way but he observed that his Muslim companion, whose way was on the
opposite side, was moving towards him. So he stopped and questioned him,
"Don't you want to go to kufa?"
Ali (A.S.) said, "Yes". The Christian man said, "Then why are
you coming towards this direction?"
Ali (A.S.) replied, "I wish to accompany you to a certain length of
distance because the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said, "when two persons are
together on a way (journey companions) they get a right over each other."
"Now that you have got a right upon me, I go along with you up to a
certain distance so that I must pay you (discharge) that light of yours in
this world. Then I will part off on my own way." The Christian man was
much pleased and moved by this humanly attitude and conduct and he liked his
talk and said, "It is befitting that I should also embrace Islam which
has such a culture and students."
His amazement and astonishment was only too enhanced when he discovered that
his travel companion is Ali (A.S.), the ruler of Islam. So he immediately
accepted and embraced Islam at his hand.
Self-preservation of Ali ( A.S.)
When human being is in the normal and natural condition, he can better be the
master of his wits and control himself and take distance and move away from
the sins and bad acts and get himself aside from them. But when the flames of
anger, rage or jealousy are lit, then it is only with difficulty that man
could think and keep in view fact and God. Therefore, most of the crimes are
committed at times when man looses his normal natural condition.
But, Ali (A.S.) who was a self made and sublime person his approach and
behavior was different than that of the others. He, in all the conditions,
kept his attention focused and concentrated on God and took distance from
anything which did not have the approval of God, whether he was at home or in
the battle field, both in joy or anger.
We would better have a glance upon his behavior and conduct in the battlefield
to prove our point. In the battle of "the trench" all the people of
Medinah dug up a great trench on the sides of the city and filled it up with
water to block the enemy's way. Amer bin Abduwad, the famous and gallant Arab
warrior among the enemy army, was challenged the Muslims to send him a match
for the fight. Nobody among the Muslims plucked the courage to give him a
response and came out to face him. On this occasion Ali (A.S.) came out taking
stable and strong steps to face him with a heart full of faith. He said,
"Oh Amro do not boast off too much about your bravery and man-hood. The
one who has the power and energy to fight you is standing before you".
Amro viewed him and said: "You would better turn back I do not like to
kill you because I was a friend of your father."
Ali (A.S.) replied: "By God, I like killing you."
Amro got angry and climbed down from the horse and quickly attacked Ali (A.S.)
with his sword but the sword did strongly strike Ali's (A.S.) shield and so it
was not effective. Then Ali (A.S.) by blowing a strike of his sword made him
fall to the earth and climbed upon his chest to kill him. But Amro, out of his
rage and anger spitted at Ali's ( A.S.) face. Suddenly Ali (A.S.) came down
from his chest and started walking on the ground. Then he came again towards
him. Amro enquired him, "what is the meaning of it that firstly you
struck me an effective blow and then let me go free?"
Ali (A.S.) said, "Oh Amro I use my sword for God and not myself? At the
time when I saw you fall to the ground and climbed your chest, you spit at my
face and made me angry. Had I killed you in such condition I would had no
reward to my credit because I was angry. Therefore, I got up from your chest
and started walking so that my anger and hot temper is cooled down and
subsided and I may do my job purely for God."
The bravery, ferocity, self-preservation and control of Ali had a very deep
effect over the Arab champion. And attracted the attention and eyes of both
the friends and foes to such an extent that the friends raised the slogan of
Takbeer (Allaho Akbar) from the depth of their heart and the enemies hearts
were filled up with tenor and harassment, so far so, that it ended upon the
defeat of the enemy. This is the sole reason why his deed was decisive and
fate making such as the Prophet said about it. "The job that Ali (A.S.)
did on the day of the Khandak (battle of trench) and the sword strike by him
(against the enemy) is more precious to God then the collective prayers of the
mankind and jins together.
Ali's (A.S.) Mercy and Compassion
We learnt about the bravery and dauntlessness of Ali (A.S.) in the battlefield
but we should not omit this point that if a man is brave, ferocious, and
dauntless but he does not possess the qualities of mercy and generosity then
that bravery and gallantry has no value. The bravery of Ali ( A.S.), when he
stepped into the battlefield, was such that he did care and was attentive to
the injured, thirsty and hungry ones. He would attack an aggressive enemy and
kill him but when he came across an injured thirsty and hungry enemy he would
save him from thirst and hunger and if he was injured then he would extend his
He did fiercely fight the enemy but never killed him while he was in a thirsty
or hungry condition and he never destroyed and dismantled the houses of the
enemy. Because he considered all these acts as against the norms of nobility
and generosity. This is the reason, why having taken the river water from the
control of the Muawiyah's forces in the sifeen battle he ordered his warriors
to let the water free for all and sundry and do not resist against the army
men of Muawiyah if they wanted to use the water.
The army men of Ali (A.S.) objected and said "the enemy having taken the
water's control in their hand had stopped us from using it. So that they
wanted us to submit to them through this way. We would better do the same to
Ali (A.S.) replied, "No we will fight the enemy manly and we consider
this act against the human nobility and generosity. If we do the same what
they did then what would be the difference between them and us? Beware, works
are for God and we should not take steps against His wish and will."
Ali (A.S.) Conduct during his ruler ship
1. Siding with the masses
Ali (A.S.), with all the difficulties that he had to face, used to personally
attend the affairs and works. He would get himself informed about the problems
of the people. He did not drive away his enemies due to personal enmities. So
far so that he used to give them their rights from the bait-ul-mal (Islamic
treasury). Moreover, he did not give any privileges to his friends due to
their friendship. He continuously used to order his officials and workers to
have a conduct of justice with the people and if he observed any misdeed or
misconduct of his subordinates and workers he did not spare them. So when one
of the ladies known as Sooda approached him for justice, he was then offering
his prayers. He shortened his prayer and smilingly greeted her and asked,
"What is it that you want?"
With tears rolling on her face, Sooda complained about the tax officer and his
He, in the same standing condition of his prayers, wept and said: "Oh God
be a witness that I have not ordered them to commit excesses and aggressions
against your slaves."
He at once picked up a skin piece and jotted down the dismissal order of his
official and gave it to Sooda to take it to him as soon as possible.
Another day he received the information that son of Hunaif (the Governor of
Basra) made himself present on a very colorful, richly provisioned dinner
table of one of the nobles and notables and possibly the blood thirsty and
cruel chance seekers and opportunists may make the most of his political
station and position.
He got seriously annoyed and reprimanded him for this act of his and wrote him
a letter saying. "I have heard that you joined a richly provisioned
(colorful) dinner table which the poor were not allowed to join. Be aware!
That I am your Imam, leader and chief if I wish and am inclined to it I can
lay hand and provide myself with the best food but I will not do such a thing
because it is possible that there might be some hungry people in the nooks and
corners of my country who go to sleep with empty stomachs. I have contented
myself with a simple dress and small quantity of food, which is bread and
dates, from this world of yours. Although you can not do this, which I
practice but try it that your way and path is not segregated from that of
He, through this letter, gave him a good advice and exhortation and reminded
him about his duty. Imam Ali (A.S.) lived his life with such a justice and
equity that when Muawiyah a staunch and extreme enemy of Ali ( A.S.) met one
of his companions "Addi-bin-Hatim" and asked him, "How did you
find Ali (A.S.) during his reign and rule?"
He replied, "The oppressive and coercive ones did not have the courage of
oppression during his reign and the weak ones always took benefit from his
justice and never allowed disappointment find its way towards them. So that he
repeatedly used to say, "Is it right and just that people consider and
think I am their leader and Imam but I do not share their difficulties and
Still again, we read in the history that one day the governors accompanied by
his old friend Ibn-e-Abbas came to see him.
They saw their leader repairing and mending his shoes. Ali (A.S.) turned his
face towards them and said, "What do you think is the price of this
shoe?" They replied, "It value is not much. It cann't be more than a
He said, "By Lord this post that I have got, if I could not make use of
it in connection with the salvation and safety of the poor, have not and
arresting and stopping the cruelties or restoration of the right and truth,
then for me it's value would be lesser than this shoe."
2. Canceling the distinctions and Privileges
The moment people took oath of an allegiance at his hand and accepted his
caliphate he climbed the pulpit and tribune and addressed them, "By God
till the time I possess even one single palm date tree in Medinah. I will not
take anything from the bait-ul-mal (Islamic treasury).
His brother Aqeel stood up and said, "Do you take me equal to a black
skinned living in Medinah?"
He said, "Oh brother sit down, you do not have any superiority over that
black man except through faith and piety."
One summer night his brother Aqeel invited him to dinner at his house so that
he may attract the attention of his brother towards himself and he increases
his monthly stipend.
He said, "Oh brother from where did you procure and provide this
He replied "For a few days, I and my wife spent lesser amount of money
thus saved the surplus money to invite you to dinner."
He said, "From tomorrow onwards I would issue an order that your monthly
salary may be curtailed and decreased to the equal of the amount that you
saved because, you can, as per your own confession, spend lesser than
Aqeel was very much perturbed and annoyed and he started shouting appealingly.
Ali (A.S.) picked up a piece of iron lying near him heated it up (on a nearby
lamp) and took it near his hand.
Aqeel cried, "Oh I am burnt."
Ali (A.S.) said, "What a surprise that you are so much afraid and cry of
a fire which is provided by me alone. How are you prepared to get me burnt in
the fire of God's anger? These are the money and property of the people and I
am the trustee and custodian of them."
Again, we observe that a group of the officials objected up on him and said,
"Had you given a larger contribution and portion to the rebellious and
the governors, you could run and manage the newly established Islamic
government in a better way. Then, you might have ruled with authority and
Imam Ali (A.S.) replied, "What a surprise you want me to lay the
foundations of my government, which is formed in the name of Islam, upon the
pillars of excess and injustice? By God, I will definitely never do such a
Moreover, had the Muslim's money and property been my own property I would not
have done this thing still less all of it belongs to the people and I am not
more than a trustee.
3. Attending the Complaints
Ali (A.S.) during his ruler ship personally attented to the complaints. During
the hot days of summer, when all the people rested at their homes, he sat by
the shadow of a wall, so that if someone had a complaint he might reach him
and tell him about it.
One of the hot scorching summer days, when he was perspiring sitting besides
and leaning at the wall. A woman who was depressed and disturbed came and
said, "My husband has committed excess and ousted me from the house in
this hot weather. I wish you to attend to my problem."
Ali (A.S.) hung his head down and said, "Oh lady the weather is hot, and
can you possibly wait till it becomes better. Then I will accompany you and
attend to your matter. The woman said, "I am afraid that the temper and
anger of my husband may shoot up even higher. It is better that you do the
needful right away.
Ali (A.S.) said, "very well, you walk on and I follow you." Ali (A.S.),
along with the lady, came to the door of the young man and called him out of
the house. He did not recognize Ali (A.S.) and knew that his wife has called
this man to her help.
Ali (A.S.) said, "This woman says you turned her out of the house. I have
come to advise you that you should have the fear of God and be kind, nice and
do good to your wife. The self-loving, egotist giving an insulting reply to
Ali (A.S.) said, "This matter is not your concern. I would do whatever I
please. Now, when she has brought you along with her I shall burn her with
Ali (A.S.) was angry and annoyed at this response of the man and shouted
objecting. Thereafter, he laid his hand on his sword to punish the youth. When
people heard the loud voice of the Imam, they rushed out of their houses. As
their eyes met Ali ( A.S.), they respectfully came close to him and saluted
and greeted him. The rude and impolite youth knew that he was facing Ali (A.S.).
So he got embarrassed, loosing his wits fell down to the ground and started
making excuses and apologizes and said, "I will accept whatever you say
and hereafter I shall respect my wife and not annoy her."
Ali (A.S.) said, "I hope you will do the same." Then he addressed
the woman saying, "return to your home, I hope that you would also he a
good wife to your husband."
The Ghadeer Affair
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) set out for the pilgrimage of God's house with a large
Caravan in the 10th Hijra, so that the people may perform their Hajj rituals
with great fervor, in dignified and magnificent way, because that was the last
Hajj of the Prophet ( P.B.U.H.). The rituals were performed very well and the
Prophet (P.B.U.H.) returned to Medinah along with his companions. On his way
back, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was very anxious. His anxiety was about his
followers and the ummah. He was uneasy and anxious about the events, which
were to take place after his death. The actors and jugglers among the ummah,
were waiting for his death and had preplanned to deviate and de-track the
Imamate and leadership from its course. He sees all the hypocrites who
disguised as his friends; beat their heads and chests for him. But they have
not committed any blunder, folly and wrong yet, so that he may publicly
disgrace and dishonor them and prevent them (from doing what they intend). He
on one side, views all the incidents of the history and on the other, he must
perform the mission that God has handed him in connection with Ali ( A.S.),
that duty and mission is the caliphate of Ali (A.S.) that he must choose and
select him as his successor and heir, and put an end to the ambitions of the
chance seekers. Those who had nominated each one of themselves for the post of
caliphate and had made propaganda among the people that the Prophet ( P.B.U.H.)
will choose us as his heirs and successors.
The call of the angel of revelation is reflecting in the heart and soul of the
Prophet (P.B.U.H.) as if still he is listening to what he said, "you have
a great mission ahead, if you did not perform this job then you have not done
the Prophetic duty and mission at all." You must know, that God will save
you from the deceitfulness and tricks of the enemy.
Yes, the successor of the sun of Prophet hood should be the sun of Willayat
(guardianship), possessing all the perfections, completeness and values of the
Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Who else could that be except Ali Ibne Abi Talib ( A.S.)?
Ali (A.S.), who was many times introduced by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) with the
words such as: "'Ali (A.S.) is the wisest of all my ummah (followers).'
'I am the city of knowledge and wisdom and Ali is (like) its gate.' 'Whosoever
desires to have access to my wisdom should learn it from Ali.'" This is
the very reason that only Ali ( A.S.) can go up the cathedra (tribune) and say
amid the people. "Oh people, ask me whatsoever you desire, before a time
comes that you loose me."
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) made up his mind and decided it to choose Ali ( A.S.)
as his successor on the command and at behest of God, so that, he may complete
and make the Islam perfect, as God had ordered him to do. The day of Ghadeer,
became a day in the history when God gave the good news to the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
and said, "Today is the day when I have made Islam to be a perfect
(religion) and completed and finalized my blessings upon you (Muslims)."
What a fruitful Hajj and a holy return. There were approximately one hundred
and twenty thousand men accompanying the Prophet ( P.B.U.H.).
All of them reached a place known as "Ghadeer-e-Khum" on the land of
"Juhfa". The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) ordered them to stop. All of them
did stop at the behest of the Prophet (P.B.U.H .). They were saying to
themselves, "It appears that some vitally important problem has
confronted us." It was just the same that they were thinking of.
They built a tribune with the camel saddles for the Prophet ( P.B.U.H),
heralds were appointed amid the gathering to repeat and call out the words of
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), so that, all the people may hear. He (P.B.U.H) went
atop the tribune while he was surrounded by his friends and said: "Oh
people! I performed my Prophetic mission and did put in endeavor to the
maximum of my energy that I possess. You should know that I leave two valuable
(weighty) things among you after myself (after my death) so that these two
will never at all get separated from each other.
1. The Holy Quran, the Book of God.
2. My Ahle Baith [People of the house, the Imam Ali (A.S.) Fatima (A.S.),
Hassan (A.S.), Hussain (A.S.) and nine Imams from the descendents of Hussain (A.S.)].
Then, he took the hand of Ali (A.S.) and hoisted it like a flag, so that all
of the people might see. Thereafter, he said, "I am the guardian (wali)
of whosoever, (he should know that) Ali is also his guardian. Oh God! Be the
friend of the friends of Ali and be the enemy of his enemies. Help those who
help him and be the enemy of anyone who fights him. Yes, those who are present
convey my words to those who are not present here. I hope they will lend ears
and accept it."
Full details about Ghadir event with scanned
book evidences click HERE
How did Ali (A.S.) get the Government?
The opportunists, who had embraced Islam for the sake of seeking power and
made themselves, move along on the path of Prophet (P.B.U.H.), held
confidential and secret meetings to oust the caliphate from the family of Bani
Hashim. They were counting days to achieve their ends and to put into
practical shape what they had planned to do, because they were aware that they
are face to face with a person whose past services for Islam are not hidden
and are clear to everybody. The Prophet ( P.B.U.H.) had made a plenty of
recommendations about him and particularly invited all to swear in an oath of
allegiance for him. After the death of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), all the plans
were put into practice and materialized one after the other. So that Ali ( A.S.)
became all alone, and did not have any alternative except remaining silent.
For, he only thought of Islam and did not pay any attention towards his post
and station. And had he drawn the sword then the only desire of his enemies
would have taken practical shape, that is to say, no sign of Islam would have
been left back.
The silence of Ali (A.S.) and Fatima Zahra (A.S.) and the immoralities and
irregularities of the previous power seekers, particularly the cruelties and
excesses of the officials and agents of the Bani Ommayides dynasty, whose
influence had gone up during the regime of third Caliph Usman, had made the
people aware and all of them knew that the Islamic Caliphate had turned into
the stage of political actors and stooges and what God and the Prophet (
P.B.U.H.) had meant was quite different from those things.
Resultantly the displeasure and dissatisfaction of people reached it's climax
and the spark of revolution was kindled in the hearts of the people, which
erupted like a volcano, so that, no one had the means and power to resist and
stand up to it. People attacked the house of Usman in the shape of a flood,
showing camel like anger and grudge, a camel who throws foam out of its mouth
due to anger. These out numbered and countless people, who made the attack,
People were so enraged and furious that they even did not pay any attention
and notice to Imam Hasan ( A.S.) and Imam Hussain (A.S.) who were sent by Imam
Ali (A.S.) to prevent Usman from being slain. Imam Hassan (A.S.) was injured
in this disturbance.
People rushed towards Ali's (A.S.) house with blood dripping out of their
swords and they were burning with fever and fervor of excitement and
commotion. They insistently and requesting dragged him out and took the oath
of allegiance and chose him as their leader and ruler.
Why Ali's (A.S.) Government faced defeat?
Although Ali (A.S.) had told the people, while they were taking the oath of
allegiance, that, "I will act upon the right and will not sell my
religion for anybody's world (wishing to gain material), and will not hand
over the power to this person or that person without seeing reason. I will
take into consideration their past activities and if I observe any violation
and breach of law by my officials I will not spare them, I will dismiss them
immediately. I will act decisively and peremptorinessly and will not have any
fear of any reproaching and blaming. I will not give Baith-ul-mal's wealth to
this and that person without reason though he may be my son.
But alas, the materialist and ease and comfort seekers did not welcome the
right government of Ali (A.S.). They abandoned and quit Ali (A.S.) at the
initial stage and created chaos, disorder and mutiny for him. Talha and Zubair,
who were experienced men, went to Mecca and provoked Ayesha ( R.A.) to rise up
for the sake of taking vengeance of Usman's blood. They by taking benefit of
the station of Ayesha (R.A.), who was the wife of Prophet, gathered a large
group around her. And, with a big army, they moved hastily towards Ali (A.S.).
They had told the illiterate people that Ali (A.S.) was the murderer of Usman.
As a result, they shed the blood of a group of Muslims and shifted its
responsibility towards Ali (A.S .). After this incident Muawiyah, that cunning
fox, who was discharged by Ali (A.S.) perceived a very good chance for his
obstinacy and resistance. He rose against Ali (A.S.) from Syria and declared
war against him.
These battles were continuing, when a group named Khwarij came into existence
among the army men of Ali (A.S.). This was a group, which considered neither
of Ali (A.S.), nor Muawiyah, and Amro Aas suitable for ruler ship. They, under
the slogan of "Rule is only for God," started a mutiny and
Finally, they martyred Ali (A.S.) but they did not succeed in killing Muawiyah
and Amro Aas. This is how Ali's (A.S.) Government was defeated and sacrificed
upon its own Justice (righteousness) meaning thereby, if Ali (A.S.) had ruled
cunningly treacherously like Muawiyah he would had never been killed.
Martyrdom of Ali (A.S.)
After the battle of Neherwan was over, group of Khwarij daily held a meeting
in Mecca and wept over their dead, those killed in Neherwan. One day, they
told each other, "Sitting here and weeping is of no use. We should kill
these three persons Ali ( A.S.), Muawiyah and Amro Aas, who destroyed the
Islamic State and killed our brothers."
They invited three volunteers to perform these errands. Ibn-e-Muljim stood and
said, "I will kill Ali (A.S.)." Hajjaj bin Abdullah, under took
killing Muawiyah and Amro bin Bakr Taimeemi said, "I will kill Amro Aas."
The three of them made a commitment together that they would materialize their
plan on the 19th of Ramadan. Then, each one of them moved towards the place of
his mission, so that they reach there and wait for the date, which was fixed.
But alas, the other two did not succeed in achieving there end, whereas,
Ibn-e-Muljim did succeed. Ibn-e-Muljim came to Kufa and contacted the enemies
of Ali (A.S.) and lived in their house till the 19th of Ramadan approached.
One day Ali (A.S.) came across him in the streets of Kufa. He wanted to hide
himself. But Ali ( A.S.) said, "I know for what purpose you have come to
As soon as Ibn-e-Muljim heard these words, he trembled and his legs could no
more carry him. He said to Ali (A.S.), "Oh Ali (A.S.) when it is so (that
you know) release the orders of my being killed or put me in the prison or
banish me off. Ali ( A.S.) had a look upon him and said, "Although I can
put into practice each one of your suggestions, but Islam does not deem
pre-crime punishment, fair. So I am obliged to let you go free. Perhaps you
may repent upon your decision.
At last, on the 19th of Ramadan of the 40th Hijra the son of Muradi opened
apart Ali's (A.S.) head and the mountain of faith and piety tumbled and
crumbled down making the world of Islam mournful.
After Ali (A.S.) cried on the prayer place (when injured), "By the God of
Kaabah I have succeeded." The haven's angel Jabriel shouted, "By
God, the pillars of guidance are demolished. Ali ( A.S.) has been
People rushed out of their houses and arrested the killer of Ali (A.S.) and
handed him over to Imam Hassan (A.S.), and carried Ali (A.S.) with a blood
stained face to his house.
Imam Hassan (A.S.) imprisoned the killer and informed his father about it.
Imam Ali (A.S.) told his son, "Oh Son! This man who is my killer and he
is your prisoner, look after his food and water and do not molest him. If I
survive I know what to do with him and if I die then do not strike him but one
Alas, Ali (A.S.) did not survive for this ummah. He passed away on the 21st of
Ramadan at the age of 63 years. His pure body was burried secretly at Najaf
(Iraq) - (Last Will /Martyrdom
Hazrat Imam Ali Ibn e Abi Talib a.s according to Hadith's of
Prophet Hazrat Muhammad s.a.w .
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the door of servitude, and whoever
passes through that door is a true believer." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of
Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/156; Al-Dilmi.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the Imam of goodness, the fighter
against iniquity, the helper of those who come to his aid, and the deserter of
those who desert him." Kenz Al-Omal, 6/153; Al-Darqatani.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the Imam of the pious, the prince of
believers, and the leader of the resplendent." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of
Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/129; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/153.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is to me what Haroun was to Musa."
Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/137; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 65,
104; Al-Tabarani; HAliyat Al-Awliya', 1/63; Akhtab Khawarizm, 229.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) holds a right over this nation like the
right of a father over his son." Muslim, 2/361; Al-Tirmidhi, 2/299;
Al-Hakim, 3/130; Musnad Ahmad, 3/198; Al-Nisa'i, 7; Asad Al-Ghaba, 3/40.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is with the Qur'an, and the Qur'an is with
Ali." Al-Bukhari, 5/19; Muslim, 2/360; Al-Tirmidhi, 5/304; Mustadrak Al-Sahihain
of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/109; Ibn Majah, 1/28; Musnad Ahmad, 3/328.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) and his shi^a are the successful
ones." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 47; Mizan Al-^Itidal, 2/313.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the door of my knowledge, and the one
who will clarifies for my nation that which I was sent with." Tafsir Al-Tabari,
3/171; Shawahid Al-Tanzil, 2/356; Al-Darr Al-Manthour, 6/379; Yanabi^ Al-Mawda,
The Prophet (s) said, "Love for Ali (a) is faith, and hatred for Ali is
hypocrisy." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 67; Al-Khawarizmi, 236; Fara'id Al-Samateen;
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the partition between Heaven and
Hell." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/127; Kenz Al-Omal,
5/30; Al-Jami^ of Al-Suyuti, 1/374; Al-Tirmidhi; Ibn Maghazeli, 80.
The Prophet (s) said, "The position of Ali (a) amongst the people is like
Surat Qul Hu Allahu Ahad in the Qur'an." Muslim, 1/48; Al-Tirmidhi,
2/299; Al-Nisa'i, 27; Musnad Ahmad, 6/299; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 191.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the beloved between two friends, myself
and Ibrahim." Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 88; Fara'id Al-Samateen; Bea^ Al-Abrar;
Moniq Ibn Ahmad Al-Khawarizmi.
The Prophet (s) said, "Whoever splits with Ali (a) has split with me, and
whoever splits with me has split with God." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 45; Yanabi^
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is from me and I am from him, and he is
the protector of every true believer after me." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 69;
Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 125.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) is the most beloved of God and His Prophet
in all of creation." Kenz Al-Omal, 5/33; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/211; Ibn
The Prophet (s) said, "Mentioning Ali (a) is a form of worship, and
looking upon him is a form of worship." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim
Al-Nisabori, 3/123; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/156; Al-Tabarani; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 240,
278; Al-Khawarizmi, 62.
The Prophet (s) said, "Love for Ali (a) is a good deed, so don't ruin it
with bad deeds." Al-Tabarani; Yanabi^ Al-Mawda, 2/3.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) holds the position of the Ka^aba."
Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/122; Musnad Ahmad, 3/82; Al-Tabarani,
6/155; Kenz Al-Omal.
The Prophet (s) said, "Ali (a) stands in relation to me as my head to my
body." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/141; Al-Jami^ of
Al-Suyuti, 1/583; Tarikh Baghdad of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi, 1/51; HAliyat Al-Awliya',
1/182; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/219.
The Prophet (s) said, "Oh, Ali, Jibreel has informed me that God has
married you to Fatima." Manaqib Al-Imam Ali from Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, p.
The Prophet (s) said, "Oh, Ali, God has commanded me to marry you to
Fatima."Al-Sawaiq Al-Muhariqa,. ch. 4, p. 142; Dakha'ir Al-Uqubi, p. 30
& 31; Tadhkirat Al-Khawas, p. 276; Manaqib Al-Imam Ali from Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra,
p. 141; Nur Al-Absar, p. 53.
The Prophet (s) said, "Verily, God married Ali to Fatima."Al-Sawaiq
Al-Muhariqa, p. 173.
The Prophet (s) said, "The first people to enter Paradise will be Ali and
Fatima."Nur Al-Absar, p. 52; related by similar wording in Kenz Al-Omal,
v. 13, p. 95.
The Prophet (s) said, "The verse of purification was revealed concerning
five people: myself, Ali, Hassan, Hussein, and Fatima."Is^af Al-Raghibeen,
p. 116; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fadha'il Al-Sahaba.
The Prophet (s) said, "Fatima is more beloved to me than you, oh Ali, and
you are dearer to me than her."Majma^ Al-Zawa'id, v. 9, p. 202; Al-Jami^
Al-Sagheer, v. 2, p. 654, n. 5761; Muntakhab Kenz Al-Omal, v. 5, 97; Asad Al-Ghaba,
v. 5, p. 522; Yanabi^ Al-Mawadda, v. 2, ch. 56, p. 79; Al-Sawaiq Al-Muhariqa,
ch. 3, p. 191